Emotion Neuropsychology

Emotion Neuropsychology

Facets of Pride and Shame Chart

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In Emotion Theory and Affect Research it has been argued recently that, tentatively, pride/shame is a primary evolutionary emotion; and pride with significant body expression, slightly tucked corners of the mouth, the chin height, arms out, and a straightened spine. Research also shows these expressions are culturally generalized. Research is ongoing.


Instances of offended pride lead initially perhaps to shame reactions that generate primitive impulses of passive or active revenge - such as a vindication maneuver - which offer temporary, immediate relief, but which often lead subsequently to a downward spiral of destruction and further escalation of conflict in the long-term. On the other hand healthy pride is the fundamental emotion of success, power and status, which generates healthy and socially widened domains.

The Compass of Pride –

a preliminary outline

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This compass and the above chart is inspired by the research of Dr.JessicaTracy and colleages at UBC in Vancouver, Canada. In terms of their research the healthy integrated pride may be associated with the term "authentic pride". Offended and humiliated pride may be associated with the​ ​term "hubristic pride". Note that this "compass" is a sketch - research is ongoing; not least in terms of the biological basis, such as a hypothesis on the influence of the autonomic nervous system (ANS).

Download Pride-and-shame-chart:


The Compass of Pride:

Compare the Donald L Nathanson's

The Compass of shame

A therapeutic program with a neuropsychological evidence based profile

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